Bitrus Inuwa

Detection of newcastle disease antibodies amongst local chicken slaughtered in live bird markets in kaduna, nigeria

  • Authors Details :  
  • Y. S. Wungak,  
  • A. Alhassan,  
  • D. B. Judith,  
  • I. Bitrus,  
  • I. B. Shallangwa,  
  • H. G. Ularamu

Journal title : Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences

Publisher : African Journals Online (AJOL)

Print ISSN : 0794-5698

Page Number : 01-04

Journal volume : 30

Journal issue : 1

201 Views Original Article

Newcastle Disease Virus (NDV) constitutes a major constraint to the poultry production system in Nigeria. This study was carried out to investigate the seroprevalence of NDV antibodies in local chickens (Gallus domesticus) slaughtered in five different live bird markets (LBMs) in Kaduna metropolis, Nigeria. Three hundred blood samples were collected and screened for antibodies against NDV using Haemagglutination Inhibition (HI). An overall seroprevalence rate of 23% (95%:CI18.5-28.0) was recorded in this study. Seroprevalence based on different LBMs revealed a higher prevalence of 28.3% (95% : Cl 18.0-40.7) in Sabo market, followed by Sokoto road market 26.7% (Cl:16.7-38.9), Kawo market 18.3% (95% Cl: 10.0-29.6), Railway market 13.3% (Cl:6.4-23.5), and the lowest prevalence was recorded in central market 11.7% (Cl:5.2-21.7). The difference in seroprevalence among the LBMs was not statistically significant (p > 0.05). Higher seroprevalence of NDV antibodies in female birds 30.5 % (Cl: 24.1-37.6) was recorded compared to male 13.9% (Cl: 8.3-21.4). The study indicated that NDV is endemic in the population. LBMs location had no significant influence on the seroprevalence of NDV in the study area. The difference in seroprevalence between sexes was statistically significant (p < 0.05). Therefore, this study demonstrated the need for a regular strategic vaccination programme against NDV in local chickens in Kaduna metropolis.

Article DOI & Crossmark Data

DOI : https://doi.org/10.4314/njbas.v30i1.1

Article QR Code

Detection of newcastle disease antibodies amongst local chicken slaughtered in live bird markets in kaduna, nigeria QR Code

Article Subject Details


Article Keywords Details



Article File

Full Text PDF





More Article by Bitrus Inuwa

Occurrence of haemoparasites in cattle slaughtered at jalingo abattoir, north-eastern nigeria

Livestock plays a significant role in the economy of a nation but its productivity can be hampered by numerous haemoparasites thereby leading to economic losses to the livestock in...

Detection of antibodies to h5 and h9 subtypes of influenza viruses in wild birds in zaria, nigeria

Avian influenza has impacted negatively on poultry production in nigeria. the aim of this study was to determine the status of avian influenza virus (aiv) antibodies in wild birds ...

Attitude towards wearing face mask increases vulnerability of men over women and the risk of covid-19 pandemic spread in jos-south metropolis, plateau state, nigeria

Background covid-19 pandemic has hit many countries and put the majority of the public health system to test globally. mandatory use of face mask was among policies set by the gove...

Live bird markets in nigeria: a potential reservoir for h9n2 avian influenza viruses

Since 2006, multiple outbreaks of avian influenza (ai) have been reported in nigeria involving different subtypes. surveillance and molecular epidemiology have revealed the vital r...